President Joe Biden has rescinded a Trump administration order that required universities in the U.S. to reveal their ties with a Communist organization. The move has human rights activists alarmed.
President Trump had previously signed an order directing the Department of Homeland Security to investigate Confucius Institutes. The organization is tied to the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) and has been banned from university campuses around the world and in the U.S.
Even before the Trump order in December, American Universities such as the University of Missouri, had already begun severing ties based on investigations into activities on campuses. Confucius Institute members from China have also been tied to efforts to illegally obtain intellectual property around research and development in the nation’s most prestigious schools.
The Institutes are funded through the Chinese Ministry of Education’s Office of Chinese Language Council International. There are more than 500 Confucius Institutes worldwide and more than 100 on U.S. college campuses. Confucius Institutes have been opening since 2004.
A U.S. subcommittee reported (pdf) that from 2006 to 2018, China had pumped over $158 million in funding to U.S. schools for Confucius Institutes. But “nearly 70 percent of U.S. Schools that received more than $250,000 from Hanban failed to properly report that amount to the Department of Education.”
The stated purpose of Confucius Institutes is to teach Chinese language and culture. In addition to espionage, the orgnaization has been accused of censoring both American and Chinese students, funneling money to U.S. professors now charged with espionage and using their influence through university sources, to affect U.S. policy towards China according to Ink Stone News.
Last August, former Secretary of State Mike Pompeo named Confucius Institutes a “foreign mission” of the People’s Republic of China.
Pompeo noted that the Confucius Institute is “an entity advancing Beijing’s global propaganda and malign influence campaign on U.S. campuses and K-12 classrooms.” The institutes are “funded by the PRC and part of the Chinese Communist Party’s global influence and propaganda apparatus,” he added.
In a 2019 report, Human Rights Watch warned that “Confucius Institutes are extensions of the Chinese government that censor certain topics and perspectives in course materials on political grounds, and use hiring practices that take political loyalty into consideration.”
The Biden administration is now under pressure to continue the Trump policy towards the Institutes. House Foreign Affairs Committee Lead Republican, Michael McCaul in a statement strongly encouraged the Biden administration to pay particular attention to the CCP and its ties to American school systems.
“By quietly backing away from the proposed rule without consulting Congress, the Biden administration is sending a concerning signal about its scrutiny of CCP influence in academia, and telling academic institutions that they don’t need to be transparent about their ties to China’s regime,” the statement reads. ‘It’s all the more disturbing because the education industry already fails to report billions of dollars of foreign gifts and contracts. I strongly urge the Biden Administration to stick to its promises to prioritize the CCP as our main national security challenge, including in the American education system.”