One of the best ways to predict if someone is a Republican or a Democrat is to ask if they regularly attend church – and what church.
Almost every predominantly white Protestant denomination — from Southern Baptists and United Methodists to Missouri Synod Lutherans and the Assemblies of God — is solidly Republican, according to data from the 2018 Cooperative Congressional Election Study reported in The Christian Century.
Of the 20 largest majority white Protestant denominations (which represent nearly 85 percent of all white Protestants), only six have more Democrats than Republicans. The largest of those denominations is the 1.7-million-member Episcopal Church, of which Democratic candidate Pete Buttigieg is a member. Episcopalians make up 3.5 percent of all white Protestants in the sample, and just over half of them (54.6 percent) identify as Democrats. Other denominations where Democrats outnumber Republicans include the United Church of Christ and the American Baptist Church.
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By contrast, some of the largest predominantly white Protestant denominations, including the 14.8-million-member Southern Baptist Convention, the United Methodist Church and the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, all lean Republican. So do nondenominational evangelical churches.
Of the top 20 denominations, only two became less Republican in a statistically significant way in the last ten years, according to the data from the 2008 and 2018 reports. On the other hand, 16 of these denominations have larger shares of Republicans today than they did when Barack Obama was elected in 2008. This includes the United Church of Christ, which was one of the first denominations to affirm LGBT people; it became 4 percent more Republican in the last decade. Buttigieg’s tradition, the Episcopal Church, also saw 4.7 percent more of its members identify as Republicans.
The two largest denominations, the Southern Baptist Convention and the United Methodist Church, which together comprise nearly a quarter of all white Protestants, are 5 percent more Republican today than 10 years ago.
–Alan Goforth | Metro Voice